GK NewsBoard February 2020
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Some Highlights of GK NewsBoard February 2020
1. Bodo Language
Bodo language is one of the key thrust areas in the Bodo Accord which was signed recently.
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Estimated to have 1.5 million speakers (Census 2011), Bodo is listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. It is
spoken in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya, and West Bengal.
While Bodo is officially written in the Devanagri script, the language has a history of having been written in at least
three different scripts — until in 1974, the Government recognised Devanagari as its official script. In the first decade
of the 20th century, Bodos started writing in the Assamese/Bangla script. Then they also used Roman Script. In the
pre-13th century era, it was called Deodhai.
• Promises in the accord regarding Bodo language:
• It was only in 2003, under the then Bodo Accord, that the language was listed in the Eighth Schedule. And it was
the first tribal language to be included in the Eight Schedule.
• In Assam, it has enjoyed the status of official associate language in undivided Goalpara district since 1986.
• Now the 2020 Accord makes Bodo the associate official language throughout Assam. The new Accord also promises to establish a separate directorate for Bodo medium schools, provincialise schools and colleges in the BTAD
(Bodoland Territorial Autonomous District) and establish a Cultural Complex-cum-Centre of Excellence in Kokrajhar
for protection and promotion of the language.
SC backs move of Karnataka government to demolish restaurants near Hampi site. The court concluded that the
constructions were in violation of the Mysore Ancient and Historical Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains
Act of 1961.
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Previously, the Karnataka High Court had held that the Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority was
empowered to order the demolition of the illegal buildings.
• It is a UNESCO world heritage site. It was a part of the Mauryan Empire back in the third century BC.
• Hampi was the capital city during the four different dynasties altogether in the Vijayanagar city that came into
existence in the year 1336 AD.
• The Vijayanagara Empire reached unfathomable heights under the guidance of King Krishnadeva Raya of the
Tuluva Dynasty. ‘Kishkindha Kaand’ in Ramayana has special significance concerning Hampi.
• It is located near the Tungabhadra river. By 1500 CE, Hampi-Vijayanagara was the world’s second-largest medieval-era city after Beijing, and probably India’s richest at that time, attracting traders from Persia and Portugal.
It has been described by UNESCO as an “austere, grandiose site” of more than 1,600 surviving remains of the last
great Hindu kingdom in South India.