GK NewsBoard January 2020
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Some Highlights of Monthly GK Newsboard January 2020
1. Classical Language
At the recently concluded 93rd edition of the Akhil Bharatiya Marathi Sahitya Sammelan, a resolution was passed
demanding the declaration of Marathi as a ‘Classical’ language.
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Currently, Six languages enjoy the ‘Classical’ status: Tamil (declared in 2004), Sanskrit (2005), Kannada (2008),
Telugu (2008), Malayalam (2013), and Odia (2014).
Guidelines for declaring a language as ‘Classical’ are:
• High antiquity of its early texts/recorded history over a period of 1500-2000 years.
• A body of ancient literature/texts, which is considered a valuable heritage by generations of speakers.
• The literary tradition be original and not borrowed from another speech community.
• The classical language and literature being distinct from modern, there may also be a discontinuity between the
classical language and its later forms or its offshoots.
2. Bharati Script
Researchers from IIT Madras have already developed a unified script for nine Indian languages, named the Bharati
Now, going a step further, developed a method for reading documents in Bharati script using a multi-lingual optical
character recognition (OCR) scheme.
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Optical Character Recognition (OCR) scheme:
• It involves first separating (or segmenting) the document into text and non-text.
• The text is then segmented into paragraphs, sentences words and letters.
• Each letter has to be recognised as a character in some recognisable format such as ASCII or Unicode.
• The letter has various components such as the basic consonant, consonant modifiers, vowels etc.
Bharati script is an alternative for the languages of India developed by a team at the Indian Institute of Technology
(IIT) in Madras lead by Dr. Srinivasa Chakravarthy. The scripts that have been integrated include Devnagari, Bengali,
Gurmukhi, Gujarati, Oriya, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Tamil.