Current Affairs, including General Knowledge Sample Questions for UG-CLAT 2020 (New Pattern) – Abhyaas Law Prep

Current Affairs, including General Knowledge Sample Questions for UG-CLAT 2020 (New Pattern)

1.The U.S. House of Representatives impeached President Donald Trump on charges of abuse of power and obstructing Congress, the culmination of an effort by Democrats that further inflamed partisan tensions in Washington and deepened the nation’s ideological divide.

The historic votes, which won the support of almost all Democrats in the House chamber but not a single Republican, leave Trump as only the third president in U.S. history to be impeached — and the only impeached president likely to win his party’s nomination for reelection.

The Senate will hold a trial early next year to decide whether the president should be convicted on the charges and removed from office, though the Republicans who have the majority in that chamber will almost certainly acquit him.

House Democrats took depositions from more than a dozen witnesses, held weeks of hearings, and wrote hundreds of pages documenting Trump’s efforts to pressure the president of [1] to investigate former Vice President [2] and his son.

[Extracted, with edits and revisions, from: Billy House, “Donald Trump impeached on two counts by House, setting up Senate trial”,
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/international/world-news/donald-trumpimpeached-by-us-house-on-abuse-of-power-charge/articleshow/72878453.cms]

1.1 Donald Trump is the third President of the United States of America to be impeached. Which of the following presidents has also been impeached?

  1. George W. Bush
  2. George Bush Sr.
  3. Richard Nixon
  4. Bill Clinton

Answer: (D)

1.2 Which country’s name has been replaced with ‘[1]’ in the passage above?

  1. Russia
  2. Ukraine
  3. United Kingdom
  4. Saudi Arabia

Answer: (B)

1.3 What is the name of the former Vice President of the United States of America whose name has been replaced with ‘[2]’ in the passage above?

  1. Joe Biden
  2. Al Gore
  3. Nancy Pelosi
  4. Mike Pence

Answer: (A)

1.4 Which Article of the Constitution of India sets out the process for the impeachment of the
President of India?

(a) Article 370
(b) Article 365
(c) Article 45
(d) Article 61

Answer: (D)

1.5 Under the Constitution of India, a charge for the impeachment of the President of India can be preferred by:

  1. The Lok Sabha only
  2. The Rajya Sabha only
  3. Either House of Parliament
  4. Both Houses of Parliament simultaneously

Answer: (C)

 

2.The [x] mission is a highly complex mission, which represents a significant technological leap compared to the previous missions of ISRO. It comprised an Orbiter, Lander and Rover to explore the unexplored [y]. The mission is designed to expand the lunar scientific knowledge
through detailed study of topography, seismography, mineral identification and distribution, surface chemical composition, thermo-physical characteristics of top soil and composition of
the tenuous lunar atmosphere, leading to a new understanding of the origin and evolution of the Moon.

After the injection of [x], a series of maneuvers were carried out to raise its orbit and on August 14, 2019, following Trans Lunar Insertion (TLI) maneuver, the spacecraft escaped from orbiting the earth and followed a path that took it to the vicinity of the Moon. On August 20, 2019, [x] was successfully inserted into lunar orbit …

The Orbiter placed in its intended orbit around the Moon will enrich our understanding of the moon’s evolution and mapping of the minerals and water molecules in Polar regions, using its eight state-of-the-art scientific instruments.

Source: ISRO website

2.1 In the above passage, the name of the mission has been redacted with ‘[x]’. What is the name of the mission?

  1. Chandrayaan-1
  2. Mangalyaan-2
  3. Chandrayaan-2
  4. Mission Mangal

(Answer: C)

2.2 In the above passage what has been redacted with ‘[y]’?

  1. North Pole of the Moon.
  2. North Pole of Mars.
  3. South Pole of the Moon.
  4. The Lunar Equator.

(Answer: C)

2.3 The mission referred to in the above passage was launched from which space station?

  1. Satish Dhawan Space Centre.
  2. K. Sivan Space Centre.
  3. Sivanakota Space Centre.
  4. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre.

(Answer: A)

2.4 Which unexpected incident took place on September 7, 2019 in relation to the mission
referred to in the above passage that was described by the Chairperson of ISRO as ’15 minutes
of terror’?

  1. Vikram Lander had a hard-landing and communication from the lander to the ground
  2. Vikram Orbiter had a disorientation and spiralled out of its intended orbit.
  3. Vikram Lander got separated from the Orbiter in preparation for landing.
  4. There was a 15-minute power outage at the ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command
    Network (ISTRAC) when Vikram Lander was about to land.

(Answer: A)

2.5 Which of the following is a factually accurate statement in relation to the mission referred
to above?

  1. The Orbiter that is a part of the mission is the first lunar orbiter launched by India.
  2. The Lander that is a part of the mission was the first to achieve a soft-landing on the farside of the lunar surface.
  3. The mission is the first ever robotic spacecraft mission in the world.
  4. The Orbiter High Resolution Camera that is a part of the mission is the highest resolution camera in any lunar mission so far.

(Answer: D)
Source:https://consortiumofnlus.ac.in/clat-2020/ug-sample-question-paper.html

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